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Self-study Lessons > Persian (Farsi, Dari) > Beginner >

(Na 6) How to Write Persian / Farsi-2

by Maryam Nasseri


In the previous lesson (Na 5) I presented some introductory information on writing farsi and some basic steps. In this lesson I try to show how to write, using alphabet letters and their combinations through images and explanation.



As shown above, in order to write the first letter /aa/ you need to draw a short rod. The full letter comes with a wave-like shape that in Farsi is called kolahak (hat), as if the letter has put a hat on its head. 


Above is the second letter /b/. To write the small letter shown in the right, draw a step as in stairs, and put a dot underneath. For the full letter you should extend the part that comes on the line, and again put a dot underneath. 



From the combination of the first two alphabet letter, you can create a simple Farsi word as shown above /aab/. This word means 'water'. 



Again from the combination of the first two alphabet letters you can create another Farsi word /baba/, which means 'father /dad'. As you notice, in order to make a /ba/ sound, you need to use the small letter of /b/ and the small letter of /aa/ . 



Above is the third letter /p/ sound. The right one is the small letter which can attach to other letters, and the left one is the full letter which comes at the end of words. As you can see, this letter is quite similar to the second letter /b/ with the difference that in /b/ letter, there is only one dot underneath the letter, while in /p/ letter there are three dots underneath.



Above the fourth letter /t/ is shown. You can easily notice the similarities between the second, third and fourth letters. In the latter case, you only need to put two dots above the letter.

 

The fifth letter /s/ has also similar written structure, with the difference that you need to put three dots above the letter. Again the right letter is small letter and the left one is full letter.



The 6th letter /j/ though, has a different written structure. In order to write the small letter (right one), you need to draw the front of a shoe or a sandal and let the sandal rest on the ground (line)!!! Then you need to put one dot underneath. This is /j/ sound as in /jane/. To be able to write the full letter, you need an irregular heel for the shoe. The heel should be 2/3rd of a circle with a dot in the middle. 



The 7th letter /ch/, hopefully is similar to the 6th one in structure. You just need to place three dots underneath each letter. This letter has a /ch/ sound as in English word /church/. 

 

Again we have the 8th letter /h/, very similar the previous two letters. Your work is more easy this time, no dots. (happy?) 



Here you are!! Another similar letter /kh/. This time one dot above the letter.  By now you are probably enjoying learning Farsi alphabet and writing. Well, it is not always that easy, just pay attention to the next letter.



This letter /d/, has a completely different structure than prebious ones. But do not panic, it is still easy. Imagine a bird is opening its beak to sing or get some food!!! That easy, just place the centre of the beak on the line. This letter has a /d/ sound as in English word /door/. 



This next letter /z/ is now easy ro remember and write since it is exactly like the previous one, just a dot needed above. This etter has a /z/ sound as in the English word /zoo/. 



The above letter /r/, has a different shape. You need to start from the line and draw a quarter of a circle. This letter has /r/ sound as in the English word /round/. 



Good news. Another similar letter /z/. Just put a dot above the letter. This also has a /z/ sound. Till now you practiced two letters with /z/ sound; the sounds are more or less the same in Farsi. 



Relax!! Repeat the previous steps, but put three dots above the letter. This is /Jsh/ sound as in /su/ in the English word /pleasure/, or /j/ in the French word /jardin/. 


Attention: The previous five letters have only one form (no small and full letters), and they can never attach to another letter as they do not have a small letter form. 



The letter above /s/, has a different shape. The right one is small letter which can be attached to other letters to create a word. It is easy to write if you imagine the head of a fork laying down on the line and a short line coming out of it straight on the line. Start from the right and draw three dents as in a fork and leave the end as a tail on the line. For the full letter, attach the tail to a half-circle shape, landing on the line again. This letter has a /s/ sound also, as in the English word / sell/. 



Again good news!! Write the previous letter with three dots above it. This letter has a /sh/ sound as in the English word / shoot/. 



The next letter again has a /s/ sound. Writing this letter may be more difficult to you compared to the previous ones. To write the small letter at the right, imagine you have to knot a rope, and then leave the remaining rope on the line as a short tail. For the full letter, connect the tail to a half-circle shape, landing on the line. 



Hopefully this letter is similar to the previous one with the difference that it needs a dot above the letter. It has a /z/ sound.



To write this letter /t/, you again need to imagine a knot on the line and before leaving the tail, you need to draw a short rod on top of the knot. It has a similar sound as /t/ in the English word / tall/. 



This letter has a /z/ sound again and is written similar to the previous one, with a dot above the letter. 



This letter /ein/ and the next one are written similar to one another. The small letter in the right is similarto the head of a person who is speaking and his neck is backward on the line!!! (weird comparison, yes?) Repeat the same process for the full letter in the left and then connect his neck to a 2/3rd of a circle. This is a glottal stop sound. which is produced right from your throat.



Cool. The letter /ghein/ is similar to the previous one. Just put a dot above the letter. 



The above letter has a /f/ sound as in the English word /fall/. To write the small letter in the right you need to make a very small circle and leave the tail on the line, then put a dot above it. For the full letter in the left, extend the tail a bit more on the line and make it a bit upward like a cat tail, and then put a dot above. 



This letter has a /gh/ sound, the way French people pronounce the /r/ letter. The small letter in the right is written similar to the small letter of the previous case, with the difference that it has two dots above. The full letter, though, needs a half-circle landing on the line, again with two dots above the letter. 



The next letter as shown above, has a different shape. The small letter in the right is like a chair without legs. Draw a chair and a resting place for the head that can be bent backward. (funny isnt it?) The full letter in the left needs the chair to be extended on the line and then a very short upward. It's like a person sitting on the floor and stretched his legs and stretched his hands backward to practice yoga. This letter has a /k/ sound as in / Kent/.



This letter has a /g/ sound as in the first letter in the English word /garage/. Repeat the previous steps. This person has two hands stretching backwards.  

I will demonstrate writing techniques of the rest of letters in the next lesson. Please give me your feedbacks by leaving a review to this lesson.
For sending your suggestions and /or receiving any help with the lessons please contact me through this website.








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